Create an annotated bibliography of secondary sources to inform your research, a bibliography of newspaper sources that will be the primary sources you will analyze, and a fifteen to twenty page paper (page count does not include the bibliographies) analyzing one or more newspapers and how it “covered” Swann v. Mecklenburg. This cannot be found in the secondary literature. You will be doing original research that can contribute to the field. You are not analyzing the court case, but the way a newspaper or newspaper covered it. You might choose to concentrate on letters to the editor, opinion pieces, interviews, or news coverage. You might choose to analyze how a paper used photographs.
This is probably a bit different from papers you have written before. You are probably familiar with reading a variety of scholarly sources and synthesizing them to do a report. Here, you are doing something beyond that. Here you are doing history—creating knowledge and making your own argument. It may be as simple as collecting data and reporting on what the newspaper did. It may be more involved and include trying to find out why a newspaper covered the issues the way it did. Either one of those is a valid approach.