Philosophy discussion needs to be done in 8 hours
**Discussion 400-500 words count**
In the essay “On the Vanity of Existence,” Schopenhauer exposes the profound paradoxes of temporal existence (i.e. existing in time).
Explain in your own words, why we cannot live in the present moment, but at the same time, according to Schopenhauer, why cannot there be a full contentment in mere striving? And why does this paradox imply an existence that is ultimately valueless. Use examples from real-life experiences when necessary to demonstrate Schopenhauer’s point.
ON THE SUFFERING OF THE WOlZLD
IF the immediate and direct purpose of our life is not suffering
then our existence is the most ill-adapted to its purpose in the
world: for it is absurd to suppose that the endless afHiction of
which the world is evc:rywhere full, and which arises out of che
need and distress pertaining essentially to life, should be pur
poseless and purely accidental. Each individual misfortune, ro be
sure, seems an exceptional occurrence; but misfortune in general ?
is the rule. :::>
Just as a stream flows smooth! y on as long as it encounters no
obstruction, so the nature of man and animal is such that we
never really notice or become conscious of what is agreeable to
our will; if we are to notice something, our will has to have
been thwarted, has to have experienced a shock of some kind.
On the other hand, all that opposes, frustrates and resists our
will, that is to say all that is unpleasant and painful, impresses
itself upon us instantly, directly and with great clarity. Just as
we are conscious not of the healthiness of our whole body but
only of the little place where the shoe pinches, so we think not
of the totality of our successful activities but of some insignifi
cant trifle or other which continues to vex us. On this fact is
founded what I have often before drawn attention co: the nega
tivity of well-being and happiness, in antithesis to the positivity
I therefore know of no greater absurdity than that absurdity
which char acterizes almost all metaphysical systems: that of
expl aining evil as something negative. For evil is precisely that
which is positive, that which makes itself palpable; and good , on
the other hand, i.e. all happiness and all gratification, is that