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IG APA References Using APA 6E, prepare the references from the attached Annotated Bibliography comments Running Head: IT GOVERNANCE IN HEALTHCARE S

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IG APA References
Using APA 6E, prepare the references from the attached Annotated Bibliography comments

Running Head: IT GOVERNANCE IN HEALTHCARE SECTOR 1

Information Governance in Healthcare

Sruthi Dhadvai

ITS 833 Section (12)

Term: (Spring 2020)

University of the Cumberlands

Professor: Mary Harward

IT GOVERNANCE IN HEALTHCARE SECTOR 2

Annotated Bibliography

Dean F. Sittig, P. a. (2011). Legal, Ethical, and Financial Dilemmas in Electronic Health Record

Adoption and Use. Pediatrics, 127(4), e1042 e1047. doi:10.1542/peds.2010-2184

This article focuses on electronic health records as an innovation in healthcare that has

managed to reform healthcare service delivery. The paper outlines the various legal,

ethical and financial challenges that face EHR adoption in many healthcare organizations.

The paper outlines the various dilemma that often challenge the healthcare sector as far as

IT implementation is concerned. For instance, the paper provides evidence of sale of

patient records by EHR vendors, exclusion of certain patients’ health records from EHR

as an ethical dilemma that needs to be addressed in IT governance. IT governance will be

the solution to majority of the legal, ethical and financial dilemmas that healthcare

organizations face.

The authors are well aware of the critical nature of health related information and hence

their approach to research integrates first-hand information from patients, lawyers,

ethicists, economists, policy-makers, informaticians and clinicians which makes the

research work highly reliable and credible as a source of literature aimed at advocating

for widespread technological adoption of technology in healthcare.

This article will be used to outline the various dilemma that the healthcare organizations

face as they try to implement information technologies such as EHR.

Edemir P.V. Prado, A. M. (2016). IT Governance in Healthcare Industry Organizations: A Case

Study of COBIT Implementation. SBSI 2016: Proceedings of the XII Brazilian

Dean F. Sittig, P. a. (2011). Legal, Ethical, and Financial Dilemmas in Electronic Health Record

Adoption and Use. Pediatrics, 127

Edemir P.V. Prado, A. M. (2016). IT Governance in Healthcare Industry Organizations: A Case

Study of COBIT Implementation. SBSI 2016:

Edemir P.V. Prado, A. M. (2016). IT Governance in Healthcare Industry Organizations: A Case

Dean F. Sittig, P. a. (2011). Legal, Ethical, and Financial Dilemmas in Electronic Health Record

IT GOVERNANCE IN HEALTHCARE SECTOR 3

Symposium on Information Systems on Brazilian Symposium on Information Systems:

Information Systems in the Cloud Computing Era, 1-8.

The study titled above is a description of COBIT framework in use in a private healthcare

organization. The article assesses the effectiveness of COBIT framework of IG in terms

of its maturity. The article concludes that effective IG in healthcare organization is

difficult and complex. As a result, to counter the difficulties and challenges, healthcare

organizations can implement the most important processes and procedures that are

critical instead of implementing the entire procedures as postulated in the COBIT

framework.

The research is a simple exploratory and qualitative research that uses a single case study

to reach to its conclusion. The research findings leave room for further research on the

need to match organization needs with IG framework implementations.

The article will be used to identify the most critical aspects of IG in healthcare that

should be prioritized in most organizations.

Fatemeh Rouzbahani, R. R. (2019, February 25). Information Governance Program: A Review

of Applications in Healthcare. Journal of Paramedical Sciences, 10(1). Retrieved from

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/331832764_Information_Governance_Program

_A_Review_of_Applications_in_Healthcare

The article provides the challenges that healthcare organizations face as they try to adopt

technology in order to improve the quality of services they offer and lower the costs. The

article insists on the need for IG in improving productivity of healthcare professionals

and also increasing the effectiveness of service delivery at relatively reduced costs. Or a

Fatemeh Rouzbahani, R. R. (2019, February 25). Information Governance Program: A Review

Journal of Paramedical Sciences, 10(1). Retrieved from of Applications in Healthcare. Journal of Paramedical Sciences, 10

Fatemeh Rouzbahani, R. R. (2019, February 25). Information Governance Program: A Review

IT GOVERNANCE IN HEALTHCARE SECTOR 4

healthcare organization to achieve this, it requires to adopt some applications and tools

that will enhance IT systems implementation.

The article has used evidence collected in healthcare publications in recognized databases

such as Pub Med, Google Scholar, ProQuest, Scopus and Science Direct databases. The

selectively chosen search results enabled the researcher to classify IG program

applications into the following categories: improving healthcare and patient safety,

reducing the costs, enhancing the quality of data and information healthcare, enhancing

the security and confidentiality of patient information, improving the management of

information and healthcare organizations. The article has been written in simple language

that is easy to comprehend and the authors are professionals in IT.

The article will be used to highlight the various advantages of IT governance in healthcare.

Heath, S. (2015, December 9). Health IT Regulations, Mandates Most Affecting EHR Adoption.

Retrieved from EHR Intelligence: https://ehrintelligence.com/news/health-it-regulations-

mandates-most-affecting-ehr-adoption

Most healthcare organizations have been found to adopt IT governance for compliance

reasons. The article titled above will be used to provide details on the various laws and

regulations that healthcare organizations must comply with in pursuit of IT governance.

The article also provides details on Medicare and Medicaid as the primary incentives for

EHR adoption. From this articles information pertaining to health IT Certification

criteria, The Medicare Access & CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) compliance and

ICD-10 implementation have been elaborated. From the article also, regulations have

Health IT Regulations, Mandates Most Affecting EHR Adoption.

IT GOVERNANCE IN HEALTHCARE SECTOR 5

been assessed with regard to their inhibition of IT technology adoption that is strongly

associated with IT governance. According to some healthcare organization shareholders,

healthcare technology adoption regulations affect the extent to which health technologies

are adopted.

The author is an experience editor who specializes in healthcare matters. She is a

concerned profession who seeks to advocate for appropriate technology leveraging by

engagement which are part of the social determinants of health. The article has been

written by an expert and is detailed enough providing examples from real healthcare

situations.

The article titled above will be used to provide details on the various laws and regulations

that healthcare organizations must comply with in pursuit of IT governance.

Herb Smaltz, J. S. (2007). Effective IT governance in healthcare organizations: A tale of two

organizations. International Journal of Healthcare Technology and Management, 20-41.

doi:10.1504/IJHTM.2007.012106

The article provides evidence of the problem that most organizations face in trying to

extract value from huge IT investments. Majority of the healthcare organizations have not

been able to reap the benefits of IT investment while it is a big expenditure for the

organizations. To counter this problem, IT governance through a systematic framework

successfully introduces the right principles and decisions regarding IT investment, It

architecture, IT infrastructure and IT applications. The paper compares two organizations

that exhibit differing IT governance and uses the findings to distinguish between

Herb Smaltz, J. S. (2007). Effective IT governance in healthcare organi

IT GOVERNANCE IN HEALTHCARE SECTOR 6

appropriate IT governance and the inappropriate one. The article will also provide details

on the five critical domains of IT governance which include strategic alignment, risk

management, resource management, performance measurement and value delivery that

are core to effectiveness of IT governance in any organization.

The researchers make use of a case study approach to research the effective IT

governance. The case study has been thoroughly analyzed by the scholars who

adequately incorporate in their analysis, insights from other scholars to determine

consistency of their results with that of others.

The article will be used to provide information on effective IT governance with regard to

investment, architecture, infrastructure and applications that are needed for effective IT

governance.

InfoGov. (2020). Healthcare. Retrieved from INFOGOV Basics:

Healthcare

The article describes healthcare as one of the sectors that has the most intensive focus on

information governance. This is because information in healthcare is not only central but

also vital for patient care and effective delivery of services and treatment. The document

provides findings from a survey by the American Health Information Management

Association (AHIMA). From the survey, it was made clear that most healthcare

organizations are making use of less mature IG programs. This is absurd given the

significance of information in healthcare.

The information contained in this article has been arranged systematically and cited

accordingly as per the survey. This makes the document credible for use in the research.

Healthcare. Retrieved from INFOGOV Basics:

IT GOVERNANCE IN HEALTHCARE SECTOR 7

The article will be used to provide evidence in the gaps of IG in healthcare as well as the

steps that healthcare organizations should take in order to implement a comprehensive

information governance strategy.

Juiz, C., Gomez, B., & Rosenmller, M. (2017). e-Health should be governed as other assets in

healthcare organizations. 2017 IEEE 19th International Conference on e-Health

Networking, Applications and Services (Healthcom) (pp. 1-6). Dalian, China: IEEE.

The article provides the standard that healthcare organizations should maintain as they

implement IG models. The standard used as reference is the ISO/IEC 38500. The article

propose an IT governance framework that is compatible with the standard and recommends

it for adoption in both small and large healthcare organizations.

The researchers have uniquely elaborated the need for IT in healthcare and this makes the

article highly useful in this research activity. The emphasis on the need to protect eHealth

in healthcare organization also make the article more relevant in research activity that seek

to provide comprehensive details on IG.

The article will be used to write down the elements of an IG framework in a healthcare

organization and also to highlight the ways through which electronic health should be

protected.

Rodriguez S., A. A. (2014). Enabling Healthcare IT Governance: Human Task Management

Service for Administering Emergency Department’s Resources for Efficient Patient Flow.

Stud Health Technol Inform, 87-90.

This article provides evidence of the increasing use of Health information Technology in

improving healthcare. The researchers attribute this increase to advances in medical

Rodriguez S., A. A. (2014). Enabling Healthcare IT Governance: Human Task Management

Service for Administering Emergency Department’s Resources for Efficient Patient Flow.

Rodriguez S., A. A. (2014). Enabling Healthcare IT Governance: Human Task Management

IT GOVERNANCE IN HEALTHCARE SECTOR 8

research as well as advancement in technology and information systems. In the article, it

is noted that while IT implementation in healthcare has been beneficial, it cannot entirely

replace direct healthcare service delivery as most of health related activities combine

efforts from the technologies, clinicians, systems. The article looks at information

technology/systems from a business perspective aspect of the healthcare organizations. It

emphasizes the need for hospitals to adopt business process management to restructure

technology mediated healthcare service delivery with management processes. This

constitutes IT governance and will be used to provide insights on BPM as a key aspect of

IT governance in health. BMP according to the article, is a “structured approach that

employs methods, policies, metrics, management practices and software tools to manage

of a number of elements including: strategic Alignment, Governance, Methods,

Information Technology, People and Culture. IT governance permits for transparency and

accountability with respect to roles and responsibilities of the various business processes

which are in turn the building blocks for the productivity of any organization.

The article is unique; as opposed to many other research articles that research IT

governance from a service delivery efficiency and patients’ health outcome perspective,

this one assesses the use of technology in healthcare for business. This implies that the

researcher are well aware that apart from service delivery, hospitals are enterprises that

should generate profit and revenue for the shareholder. To achieve this objective, the

researchers designed a Human Task Management service to model the process of

coordination of Emergency Department resources based on the UK’s NICE Clinical

IT GOVERNANCE IN HEALTHCARE SECTOR 9

guideline for managing the care of acutely ill patients. The researcher are qualified in

engineering and informatics and are thus an authority in this field.

The article will be used to provide details on the business benefits of IT governance in

healthcare.

Rosenmller, M. (2013). IT Governance in Healthcare Institutions. In W. D. George C., eHealth:

Legal, Ethical and Governance Challenges (pp. 329-48). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

This article provides evidence of IT governance as the most ideal solution to problems

associated with inefficiencies and poor quality of service delivered to patients in

healthcare settings. It emphasizes that IT governance is a framework that enhances IT

adoption in major organizations. In healthcare settings, IT governance is encapsulated

largely in EMR (electronic medical records) or EHR (electronic health records). The text

highlights that the two terms are used interchangeably but actually refer to two different

things. The article distinguishes between EMR and EHR as used in healthcare IT. The

article highlights the various approaches to IT governance in healthcare as well as the

extent of IT governance adoption in healthcare organizations. The article explicitly

defines the three key challenges in eHealth. They include law, ethics and governance.

The book chapter is very systematic in its selection of terms and elaboration. Although

the section and the entire book is written according to health situations in European

settings, it has been set to have its findings fit for use in international healthcare settings.

Having been written by authors and contributors who are professions in academe, clinical

provision, consultancy, hospital management, industry, law, telecare, and Web

Rosenmller, M. (2013). IT Governance in Healthcare Institutions. In W. D. George C.,

IT GOVERNANCE IN HEALTHCARE SECTOR 10

service provision. Contributors have been noted to come from diverse countries and

their contributions have greatly shaped the writing of the chapter.

The article will be used to distinguish between two key elements of IG framework, EHR

and EMR and also to provide details on the challenge facing electronic health as part of

healthcare IT.

Team, U. H. (2017, Sep 11). What Is Data Governance in Healthcare? Retrieved from

University of Wisconsin: https://himt.wisconsin.edu/experience-uw-himt/data-

governance-in-healthcare/

This document is present on the website of the University of Wisconsin. It offers an

elaborate description of what data governance in healthcare means. The article also

highlights the three key aims of data or information governance in healthcare to include:

improving the patient experience of care (including quality and satisfaction), improving

the health of populations and reducing the per capita cost of healthcare.

The authors are professionals working with the institution of higher education and are

thus an authority in the field of health information management and technology.

The article will used in the introduction of the research paper to provide definition of

information governance, importance of IG as well as the role of healthcare information

management in IG

What Is Data Governance in Healthcare? Retrieved from REFERENCES

Dean F. Sittig, P. a. (2011). Legal, Ethical, and Financial Dilemmas in Electronic Health Record Adoption and Use. Pediatrics, 127(4), e1042e1047. doi:10.1542/peds.2010-2184
Edemir P.V. Prado, A. M. (2016). IT Governance in Healthcare Industry Organizations: A Case Study of COBIT Implementation. SBSI 2016: Proceedings of the XII Brazilian Symposium on Information Systems on Brazilian Symposium on Information Systems: Information Systems in the Cloud Computing Era, 1-8.
Fatemeh Rouzbahani, R. R. (2019, February 25). Information Governance Program: A Review of Applications in Healthcare. Journal of Paramedical Sciences , 10(1). Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/331832764_Information_Governance_Program_A_Review_of_Applications_in_Healthcare
Heath, S. (2015, December 9). Health IT Regulations, Mandates Most Affecting EHR Adoption. Retrieved from EHR Intelligence: https://ehrintelligence.com/news/health-it-regulations-mandates-most-affecting-ehr-adoption
Herb Smaltz, J. S. (2007). Effective IT governance in healthcare organisations: A tale of two organisations. International Journal of Healthcare Technology and Management, 20-41. doi:10.1504/IJHTM.2007.012106
InfoGov. (2020). Healthcare. Retrieved from INFOGOV Basics: https://www.infogovbasics.com/best-practices/by-industry/healthcare/
Juiz, C., Gomez, B., & Rosenmller, M. (2017). e-Health should be governed as other assets in healthcare organizations. 2017 IEEE 19th International Conference on e-Health Networking, Applications and Services (Healthcom) (pp. 1-6). Dalian, China: IEEE.
Rodriguez S., A. A. (2014). Enabling Healthcare IT Governance: Human Task Management Service for Administering Emergency Department’s Resources for Efficient Patient Flow. Stud Health Technol Inform. , 87-90.
Rosenmller, M. (2013). IT Governance in Healthcare Institutions. In W. D. George C., eHealth: Legal, Ethical and Governance Challenges (pp. 329-48). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
Smallwood, R. F. (2014). Information Governance: Concepts, Strategies and Best Practices. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons .
Team, U. H. (2017, Sep 11). What Is Data Governance in Healthcare? Retrieved from University of Wisconsin: https://himt.wisconsin.edu/experience-uw-himt/data-governance-in-healthcare/

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