Findings.Before the intervention was implemented, both groups were the same related to their average level of state and trait anxiety, pain, and noise perception. The patient’s state anxiety, pain perception, and noise perception were measured 1 day after the intervention was in place. A significant difference was found from Time One to Time Two in pain management (t = 3.938, p < .001 ) and environmental noise satisfaction (t = 3.457, p = .001), while there was no change in state anxiety (t = 0.373, p = .711 ). The intervention group experienced improved pain management (t = 7.385, p < .01) and environmental noise satisfaction over time (t = 4.371; p < .001); however, there was no improvement in state anxiety (t = l .47; p = .159). The findings suggest music therapy decreases pain and environmental noise perception, although there was no effect on state anxiety.
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