Distributive Justice Response Paper Prompts
What is the concept of distributive justice? Why is distributive justice important? What is Rawls’ distributive justice?
In your opinion, which of Eckhoff’s (1974) principles of equality applied to allocation (Objective Equality, Subjective Equality, Relative Equality, Rank Order Equality, Equal Opportunity) are appropriate or preferred in the context of a current social issue in your community?
What moral criteria should be used to distribute limited resources? Are there times when the principle of equality, the principle of need or the principle of compensation are more appropriate than the other for application? Apply each principle to the distribution of protective gear to the general public, health care workers and those infected in light of the CO-VID 19 public health crisis.
Critically evaluate the following claim: There is no way to resolve the differences in moral outlooks between different people and different moral theories. After all, there appear to be good reasons on both sides of many moral controversies, and good arguments against each ethical theory that gets proposed. Therefore, ethics is something that we can’t reason about, and therefore moral arguments or moral reasons do not need to be taken seriously.
Critically evaluate the following claim: Different societies have different moral codes. The moral code of our society has no special status. Therefore, ethics is something that we can’t reason about, and therefore moral arguments or moral reasons do not need to be taken seriously.
Explain Fredrickson’s “Inter-generational social equity ethic” argument. Provide an explanation as to whether you find his argument convincing or not. Then, identify one challenge to each distributive justice concept (fairness, equality, proportionality) through the “inter-generational social equity” lens.
For question 2, Eckhoff’s five principles are in the slides